What is an electric vehicle?
An electric vehicle is a vehicle where the driving torque to the wheels is delivered exclusively by one or more electric motors.
What is an electric bicycle?
An electric bicycle is a bicycle with an auxiliary electric motor supporting the bicyclist during operation. The electric motor only delivers torque when the cyclist is actually pedalling.
What is an electrically propelled vehicle?
An electrically propelled vehicle is a vehicle where all or part of the driving torque to the wheels is delivered by one or more electric motors.
What is a hybrid vehicle?
A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle with at least two different kinds of either or both:
- Stored energy for vehicle propulsion
- Powertrains, of which at least one is electric
What is a "plug-in" hybrid?
A "plug-in" hybrid vehicle can replenish its energy storage both by filling up with fuel and by recharging the battery from the grid (plugging in), adding to the flexibility of use.
How long is the charging time for an electric vehicle?
With a normal 3,5 kW charge, one hour of charge corresponds to 15-20 km of driving. A full charge of an empty battery takes 6 to 8 hours.
What is a fuel cell?
A fuel cell is a device which directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel (e.g. hydrogen) into electrical energy.
What is a fuel cell vehicle?
A fuel cell vehicle makes use of a fuel cell as on-board energy source. It can either be fitted with a fuel cell only ('pure fuel cell vehicle') or with a fuel cell complemented with a battery ('hybrid fuel cell vehicle').
One should note that in any case the fuel cell vehicle is an electric vehicle.
Which power is needed to charge an electric vehicle?
A "normal" charge typically needs a power of 3,5 kW, which can be delivered by any standard 230 V, 16 A outlet.
Which safety measures have to be taken to charge an electric vehicle?
To perform a Type 1 charging, for example in a private parking space, an adequate safety level necessitates that the socket-outlet is protected by suitable overcurrent protection and by a "residual current device". These devices are now mandatory in all new electrical installations.
Furthermore, if vented batteries with aqueous electrolyte are used, the charging space must be adequately ventilated.